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equity and equality
equity and equality

Over time, such divergence in outcomes will continue and widen. On the left side of the illustration above, for example, three identical boxes are given to three people of different heights—it’s an equal distribution of resources, but it fails to consider that the tallest person doesn’t need a box to see over the fence, while the shortest person could clearly use an extra one. Equity refers to fairness and equality in outcomes, not just in supports and opportunity. Lau v. Nichols: Are Schools Required to Provide Bilingual Instruction? Do Undocumented Immigrants Have Constitutional Rights? In 1990 Congress passed the landmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA); the law addressed the issue of equality head-on for people with disabilities. In 2013, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development published the first-ever estimate of discrimination against same-sex couples in housing opportunities.

Instead, officials should allocate the devices according to which schools have the greatest need for them—that way, they can minimize the chance that dozens of laptops will end up gathering dust at one school, while another doesn't have enough to go around.
In athletics, for example, Title IX requires that women and men be provided equitable opportunities to participate in sports. Sign Up Today: Get exclusive deals, product news, reviews, and more with the Mental Floss Smart Shopping newsletter! If 270 women got together on the Electoral College we could have had a woman President.”. But after the Electoral College met, Ford only got 240. The legal principle of social equality in the United States was confirmed in 1868 by the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which provides that “nor shall any State [...] deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”. Equality has to do with giving everyone the exact same resources, whereas equity involves distributing resources based on the needs of the recipients. Equality is the state or quality of being equal. When it got to the House, they chose second place John Quincy Adams to be president. The Supreme Court has never ruled on the constitutionality of these restrictions, as it has never really mattered and electors tend to be party faithful anyway. A flat income tax of 20% would be equal but not equitable because those with higher incomes presumably have a higher ability to pay.
Now that that’s been dealt with, how did we get to this odd scenario?

Equity refers to the provision of varying levels of support—based on specific needs—to achieve greater fairness of treatment and outcomes. Courtesy Advancing Equity and Inclusion: A Guide for Municipalities, study by the National Bureau of Economic Research found, Do Grandparents and Great-Grandparents Matter? But actually, they are just homophones (i.e. The Electoral College doesn’t need to go down the route of people anyone has actually “voted for,” either. Affirmative action is the policy of explicitly favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; it is a type of positive discrimination that aims to counter the effects of traditional negative discrimination that a segment of the population tends to suffer.

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