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ayrshire cattle
ayrshire cattle

It is most strongly represented in the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States.

The color markings vary from nearly all red to nearly all white. The Ayrshire breed originated in the County of Ayr in Scotland, prior to 1800. Briggs. She was well suited for the land and climate in Ayr. In 305 days, on twice-a-day milking, she produced 37,170 pounds of milk and 1592 pounds of fat.

Modern Breeds of Livestock.

The composition of her milk made it ideally suited for the production of butter and cheese by the early Scottish dairymen. There is no discrimination or registry restriction on color patterns for Ayrshires. Omissions?

On some bulls, the mahogany color is so dark that it appears almost black in contrast to the white. Please provide a description of this breed as well The spots are usually very jagged at the edges and often small and scattered over the entire body of the cow. By using the modern breed improvement tools of DHI or DHIR testing, type traits appraisal, and artificial insemination, an Ayrshire breeder can be sure of breeding better Ayrshires to meet the demands of the modern dairy industry. Ayrshire, breed of hardy dairy cattle originating in the county of Ayr, Scotland, in the latter part of the 18th century and considered to be the only special dairy breed to have originated in the British Isles. To qualify, a herd had to be comprised entirely of Ayrshires, and the herd owner had to maintain the highest health standards. Ayrshires respond to good management and feeding practices and individual Ayrshire herds average as high as 17,000 pounds of milk and 700 pounds of butterfat. Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995. The actual average of all Ayrshires on Official DHIR test is over 12,000 pounds of milk with a 3.9% test. Few other breeds can match the ability of the Ayrshire to rustle and forage for themselves under adverse feeding or climatic conditions. Brindle and roan color patterns were once more common in Ayrshires, but these patterns are rare today.

How the different strains of cattle were crossed to form the breed known as Ayrshire is not exactly known. In 1929, two Ayrshire cows named Tomboy and Alice, were literally walked from the association headquarters at Brandon, Vermont, to the National Dairy Show at St. Louis, Missouri. animal-science-mail-form

Top producing Ayrshires regularly exceed 20,000 pounds of milk in their lactations. She was especially noted for the superior shape and quality of her udder.

The first importations of Ayrshires to the United States was believed to have been made by Henry W. Hills, of Windsor, Connecticut, around 1822. During its development, it was referred to first as the Dunlop, then the Cunningham, and finally, the Ayrshire. In Agriculture, Ancient and Modern, published in 1866, Samual Copland describes the native cattle of the region as "diminutive in size, ill-fed, and bad milkers."

Even today, the Ayrshire is very popular in New England, but her popularity has spread and the Ayrshire herds are now located in every part of the United States including the Deep South. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

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They are strong and easy to raise.

Fourth Edition. Old photographs of Ayrshire cattle confirm this fact. These horns often reached a foot or more in length. The Ayrshire breed originated in the County of Ayr in Scotland, prior to 1800 and was regarded as an established breed by 1812. --> When polished for the show ring, the Ayrshire horns were a spectacular sight.

The principal blood used in improvement was that of the Teeswater stock, which later was largely used in the formation of the Shorthorn breed in England.

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The program served the purpose of promoting Ayrshires by promoting their milk. The county is divided into the three districts of Cunningham, in the more northern part, Kyle, which lies in the center, and Carrick, which forms the southern part of the county.

Milk marketing, like herd management, has changed and the Approved Ayrshire Milk program is no longer in operation.

Farmers in New England needed a dairy cow that would graze the pastures of their rough, rocky farms and tolerate the cold, often inhospitable winters. However it is interesting to note that the promotional themes of the Approved Ayrshire Milk program were very similar to those of modern milk marketing campaigns.
Ayrshire cattle will do better under pasture conditions than will the other major dairy breeds and , when pastures are poor, they need less grain to keep them in air condition (C.H. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds. They are strong, rugged cattle that adapt to all management systems including group handling on dairy farms with free stalls and milking parlors.


She was an efficient grazer; noted for her vigor and efficiency of milk production. Ayrshires do no possess the yellow tallow characteristic that would reduce carcass value, so Ayrshire bull calves can be profitably raised as steers.

It is to the credit of the Scottish farmers that they used any available improved stock that they felt would improve their cattle for practical use in their area. The Ayrshire cow is universally recognized as one of the most beautiful of the dairy cattle breeds, but much more important is the fact that she has been bred and developed to be a useful and profitable dairy cow. The largest numbers of Ayrshires are registered each year in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa and Vermont. Other traits that make Ayrshires attractive to the commercial dairyman include the vigor of Ayrshire calves.

Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science.

The beef qualities of the breed are of secondary importance.

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